Egyptology is a branch of archaeology which deals with the study and archaeological research of ancient Egyptian history, Egyptian archeology, Egyptian arts and Egyptian languages.
Candidates aspiring to become professional Egyptologists must have acquired a full time PhD in Egyptology before starting a career in this field. It may take minimum eight to nine years of university education starting from bachelor degree through doctorate degree to obtain a PhD in Egyptology.
Since Egyptology as a subject is rarely offered for bachelor level qualification, career aspirants can study either humanities or archaeology as a major subject during bachelor level programmes and can opt for any of the specializations such as Egyptian language, Ancient Egypt History, Egyptian Arts, Egyptian Archaeology and Ancient Egyptian Literature, during post graduation. This background qualification will be an added advantage for a student who wishes to pursue a career in Egyptology by opting for a doctoral level qualification in Egyptology.
Candidates who have opted for Egyptology careers must have a thorough knowledge about ancient Egyptian history, religion; arts, customs, languages, literature etc and hence extensive reading on these subjects are required. At the same time they must have good linguistic skills also, preferably in the languages such as Arabic, German and French in order to carry out advanced researches.
Candidates who are pursuing a specialization in Egyptian Languages must additionally study courses on various forms of ancient Egyptian languages such as Hieroglyphic scripts, Hieratic scripts, Demotic scripts and Coptic scripts. Candidates who are pursuing a specialization in Egyptian Archaeology must study ancient Egyptian art forms and ancient Egyptian architecture.
Some of the global institutions where Egyptology courses are offered are Department of Mediterranean and Eastern Studies, New Bulgarian University in Sofia, Bulgaria; Department of Near and Middle Eastern Civilizations, University of Toronto, Canada; Department of Archaeology, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, Canada; Institute for the History of Ancient Civilizations, North East Normal University, Changchun, China; Carsten Niebuhr Institute of Near Eastern Studies.
University of Copenhagen, Denmark; Department of Asian and African Studies, University of Helsinki, Finland; Department of Egyptology, The Hebrew University, Jerusalem, Israel; Department of Archaeology and Ancient Near Eastern Civilizations, Tel Aviv University, Israel; Institute of Egyptology, Waseda University, Tokyo, Japan; Languages and Cultures of the Middle East, University of Groningen.
The Netherlands; Department of Classics and Ancient History, University of Auckland, New Zealand; Institute of Archaeology, Jagellonian University, Krakow, Poland; Institute of Archaeology, University of Warsaw, Poland; Department of Sociology, Anthropology, Psychology and Egyptology, American University in Cairo, Egypt; Faculty of History, Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia and Oriental Department, University of St. Petersburg, Russia.