Sociology is a specialized branch of social sciences which studies the human-society interrelationship and other distinctive features of the society such as social hierarchies, social classes, etc. In other words, sociology is the study of the society and social problems. Sociology is one of the modern branches of social sciences. A person professionally qualified in sociology is called a sociologist.
Sociologists can specialize in various fields such as urban and rural community; criminal social movements; education and health; science and technology; family and relationships; social classes and races; racial relationships; social cultures and traditions; employment and occupations; various age groups such as children, adolescence and youth; aged community; social inequality; sports and entertainment; politics and society; etc. Based on the core area of specialization, sociology is branched into various sub disciplines such as criminal sociology, environmental sociology, and phenomenological sociology.
Career of a sociologist involves extensive field work to collect data and follow up data analysis to formulate suitable solutions for various sociological issues. Hence Sociology as a career is best suited for the candidates who are having good social skills, a genuine love for people and society; patience to work for long hours in the field as well as good organizational and analytical skills.
Sociologists are majorly employed by political organizations; educational institutions; social organizations; NGOs working for social development and other similar organizations. Career aspirants should have minimum a bachelor degree in sociology to enter this field.
There are several leading universities that offer bachelor, master and doctoral level qualifications in sociology such as B.A. in Sociology; M. A. in Sociology and Ph D in Sociology. After the successful completion of the course, career aspirants can join the field of their choice as teachers and professors in colleges and universities; as social workers in social organizations and non governmental organizations; as community development officers for government’s community development projects; and as project officers for various social development projects.