Archaeology is a scientific discipline which unearths the history of human civilizations thorough scientific studies and researches which involves studying past history and ancient cultures of various civilizations ever existed in the world. The major approach adopted in archaeology is the visit of project sites for excavation and then the detailed analysis and assessment of the findings to understand the importance of history and culture thus unearthed.
One who pursue archaeology as a career is called an archaeologist and this is a very prestigious and scholarly position. An archaeologist should be a historian and a linguist too as the nature of this job takes an archaeologist to various historically important places in the world. This is a very good career a person who loves a challenging, thrilling and scholastic work.
There are several national and global academic institutions which offer various courses such as Post Graduate Diploma in Archaeology, Bachelor in Archaeology, Master in Archaeology, Master in Conservation, Preservation and Heritage Management and Master in Archaeology and Heritage Management. Degree courses are for three year duration while master programme is for two years. Various specializations are also available in this field such as Archaeobotany, Medieval Archaeology, Near Eastern Archaeology, Maritime Archaeology, Battlefield Archaeology, Landscape Archaeology, Indology, Egyptology, Historical Archaeology, Ethnoarchaeology, Experimental Archaeology, Archaeometry, Dendrochronology, Zooarchaeology, Geoarchaeology, Bioarchaeology, Archaeogenetics, Palynology and Computational Archaeology.
Archaeology is a field which requires application of most advanced technologies such as Isotope analysis and Radiocarbon dating and therefore an archaeologist is supposed to be well versed in all advance scientific technologies.
The major career choices available for archaeologists are as museum curators in national and state museums; jobs as archaeologists and historians in governmental organizations; as project officers in overseas archaeological projects; as head in charge in private museums and galleries; as scholars in Archaeological departments and Archaeology survey organizations, as officers in National Trusts for Art and Culture Heritage. Archaeology professionals may opt for teaching positions also in various colleges and universities.